MOST PEOPLE THINK that fossil bones (of which the most
well-known examples are those of dinosaurs) must be very, very
old — because, after all, they have turned to stone, haven’t they?
Even millions of years might, to some, not even seem long enough to allow
for natural processes to gradually, molecule by molecule, replace the
original substance of the bone with rock minerals.
But this common picture is misleading. A recent book, co-authored by a
world expert on dinosaurs, points out some things about dinosaur bones
that are of great interest to creationists.1
For one thing, it says:
‘Bones do not have to be "turned into stone"
to be fossils, and
usually most of the original bone is still present in a dinosaur fossil.’2
OK, but even if the actual bone is not replaced by rock minerals, some
fossil dinosaur bones are rock-hard, and show under the microscope
when cut that they have been thoroughly ‘permineralized’. This means that
rock minerals have been deposited into all the spaces within the original
bone. Doesn’t this show that the formation of these fossils, at least,
represent a long time? Think again. The same authoritative work also tells
‘The amount of time that it takes for a bone to become completely
permineralized is highly variable. If the groundwater is heavily laden
minerals in solution, the process can happen rapidly. Modern bones that
fall into mineral springs can become permineralized within a matter of
So even a rock-solid, hard shiny fossil dinosaur bone, showing under the
microscope that all available spaces have been totally filled with rock
minerals, does not indicate that it necessarily took millions of years
form at all.
Now of course if a dinosaur bone is indeed permineralized, it would give
great protection from the normal processes which cause things such as
bone to just naturally ‘fall apart’. So a permineralized bone might indeed
be anything from a few weeks to millions of years old.
However, in a situation where the dinosaur bone has been prevented from
being invaded by mineral-rich water, one would expect that over millions
of years, even locked away from all bacterial agents, dinosaur bone
would, in obeying the laws of thermodynamics,3 just disintegrate
random motions of the molecules therein.
There are actually instances, mentioned in the same book, in which
dinosaur bones in Alberta, Canada, were encased in ironstone nodules
shortly after being buried. We are told:
‘The nodules prevented water from invading
the bones, which for
all intents and purposes cannot be distinguished from modern
This is a stunning revelation. Evolutionists are convinced that all dinosaur
bones must be at least 65 million years old. Those who take Genesis as
real history would predict that no dinosaur bone is more than a few
thousand years old, so the existence of such totally unmineralised dinosaur
bones that have not disintegrated is perfectly consistent with our
We have previously told you about the unfossilised dinosaur bone which
still contained red blood cells and hemoglobin (see online article).5
we wrote about ‘fresh dinosaur bones’ in Alaska.6 Let the evolutionist
experts writing this book confirm this:
‘An even more spectacular example was found on the North Shore of
Alaska, where many thousands of bones lack any significant degree of
permineralization. The bones look and feel like old cow bones, and the
discoverers of the site did not report it for twenty years because they
assumed they were bison, not dinosaur, bones.’
In summary, therefore:
1.Most fossil dinosaur bones still contain the original bone.
2.Even when heavily permineralized (‘fossilized’), this does not need
to require more than a few weeks. The creation/flood scenario for
fossilization would allow many centuries for such permineralization
to occur, even under less than ideal conditions.
3.Where bones have not been protected by permineralization, they
are sometimes found in a condition which to all intents and purpose
looks as if they are at most centuries, not millions of years old.
The Bible’s account of the true history of the world makes it clear that
fossil can be more than a few thousand years old. Dinosaur bones give
evidence strongly consistent with this.
REFERENCES AND NOTES
1.Philip J. Currie and Eva B. Koppelhus, 101 Questions about
Dinosaurs, Dover Publications, 1996. Currie is a well-known
dinosaur authority. He is Curator of Dinosaurs at the Royal Tyrrell
Museum of Palaeontology, Drumheller, Alberta, Canada.
Koppelhus is a visiting researcher at the same institution. Return to
2.Ref. 1, p. 11. Return to text
3.The Second Law of Thermodynamics formalizes the relentless
tendency of all systems to strive toward the most probable
arrangement which, in the absence of some specific ordering agent,
is the one in which the molecules exhibit the maximum disorder. For
more information, see this article. Return to text
4.Ref. 1, p. 12. Return to text
5.C. Wieland, ‘Sensational blood report!’ Creation 19(4):42–43,
1997 (see online version). Return to text
6.M. Helder, ‘Fresh dinosaur bones found’, Creation 14(3):16–17,
1992 and ‘Buddy Davis: The creation music man who makes
dinosaurs’, Creation 19(3):49–51, 1997.
First published in:
Creation Ex Nihilo 21(1):54-55,
December 1998-February 1999